Turkish Vocabulary for Travellers

Learning Turkish from scratch doesn’t sound practical for a relaxing, memorable Bodrum vacation but putting a few Turkish vocabulary in your pocket may bring various benefits during your stay.

Turkish dictionary published by Turkish Language Association (TDK) contains 111,027 words but an average person uses not more than 10,000 words in a life time.

There are some foreign words commonly used by Turkish people and they can make your life easier. If you can read these lines, you already know what t-shirt, tablet, notebook, check-in, credit card, internet or WC means in Turkish. You don’t need to memorize them, they are all the same!

I have created a travel dictionary, or we may call it a vacation dictionary, which includes some words and expressions that may be handy for you to understand what’s going on around you and help you to express your basic needs when travelling in Turkey.

You don’t need to build a comprehensive Turkish vocabulary set to enjoy Bodrum but still you may want to take a look at the below word list which was divided into sections.

Pronounce Your Turkish Vocabulary

Although Turkish words are pronounced as they written like in Spanish, I know some letters like “ı” or “ğ” may be difficult sounds for a foreigner. 

I have searched the internet and found an online English – Turkish dictionary which also gives the pronunciations of Turkish words. Sesli Sozluk is a free and easy to use tool for any English speaker who needs assistance with Turkish language. Mobile applications are also available for both your iOS and Android based devices.

Using Sesli Sozluk

A Screenshot from Sesli SozlukScreenshot from Sesli Sozluk, a Turkish-English Online Dictionary

I have taken the above screenshot of Sesli Sozluk and numbered the important sections from 1 to 4. 

1 is the input area where you can enter the word you are looking for. It doesn’t matter if it is a Turkish or English word. 

After entering your word and clicking the search button – hitting the enter key on your keyboard will also work - the results of your search will be listed at 3. 

Label 2 is where you can actually hear the pronunciation of the word whether it is Turkish or English. Just click to speaker icon next to the language code – which are TR for Turkish, EN for International English, UK for British English, US for American English, etc.

Number 4 shows where you can find the mobile application for your tablet or smart phone. Android icon will take you to a page linking to Google Play store, on the other hand, Apple icon will open a page linking to Apple’s Application Store. Click the relevant link and follow the instructions to download Sesli Sozluk into your device.

Unfortunately, you may not hear the correct pronunciation of idioms, verbs which are not in infinitive form and the nouns with personal endings. Still, this is the best tool in hand at the moment and much better than to have nothing.

Bodrum Travel Dictionary

Each link below will take you to the relevant topic on this page. Just click one of them to find some useful words on that specific topic. When you want to come back this index, click the “Back to Index…” link at the end of each section.

General Turkish Vocabulary

Yes: Evet

No: Hayır

May be: Belki

Not possible: İmkansız

Good: İyi

Bad: Kötü

Hot: Sıcak

Cold: Soğuk

Woman: Kadın

Man: Erkek

Child: Çocuk

Beautiful: Güzel

Scene: Manzara

Fun: Eğlence

Beach: Kumsal

Coast: Sahil

Sun: Güneş

Sea: Deniz

Very: Çok. i.e. “very good” is “çok iyi”.

Back to the Index…

Turkish Vocabulary for Courtesy

Please: Lütfen

Thank you (I - singular): Teşekkür ederim

Thank you (we – plural): Teşekkür ederiz

You’re welcome: Rica ederim

I am sorry: Özür dilerim (when you think you did something wrong)

I am sorry: Üzgünüm (when something bad happened)

I’m glad to meet you: Tanıştığımıza memnun oldum

Enjoy your meal: Afiyet olsun

Hi: Merhaba (or selam)

Get well soon: Geçmiş olsun

Good morning: Günaydın

Good afternoon: Tünaydın (not common)

Good evening: İyi akşamlar (can be used both for greetings and good-byes after the sunset)

Good night: İyi geceler (usually used before going to bed)

Good bye (to a person - singular): Hoşçakal

Good bye (to a group – plural): Hoşçakalın

See you later: Sonra görüşürüz

Back to the Index…

Turkish Vocabulary for Numbers

1: Bir

2: İki

3: Üç

4: Dört

5: Beş

6: Altı

7: Yedi

8: Sekiz

9: Dokuz

10: On

11-19: Easy! Just say “on – 10” and add the number between 1 and 9. For example 14 is “ondört”. You can also derive the numbers for 20+, 30+, 40+, etc. with the same method.

20: Yirmi

30: Otuz

40: Kırk

50: Elli

60: Altmış

70: Yetmiş

80: Seksen

90: Doksan

100: Yüz

200: İkiyüz (“2 – iki” + “100 - yüz”; 300, 400, 500, etc. are the same).

1000: Bin

2000: ikibin (“2 – iki”  + “1000 – bin”; 3000, 4000, etc. are the same).

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Turkish Vocabulary for Food and Drink

Local Food VarietiesTurkish Food in a local Restaurant

Water: Su

Coffee (instant or filter coffee): Kahve

Coffee (Turkish coffee): Türk kahvesi. You don’t pour sugar into Turkish coffee after it is served. Instead, you should tell how you like it while ordering.

Coffee (Turkish coffee - black): Sade Türk kahvesi

Coffee (Turkish coffee – with a little sugar): Az şekerli Türk kahvesi

Coffee (Turkish coffee – with medium sugar): Orta şekerli Türk kahvesi

Coffee (Turkish coffee – with sugar): Şekerli Türk kahvesi

Tea: Çay

Sugar: Şeker

Beer: Bira

Draft beer: Fıçı bira

Bottled beer: Şişe bira

Wine: Şarap

Red wine: Kırmızı şarap

White wine: Beyaz şarap

Hot (temperature): Sıcak. i.e. hot tea is “sıcak çay”

Hot (spice): Acılı. i.e. Spicy kebab is “acılı kebap”. If you don’t like “acılı kebap”, you should order “acısız (not spicy) kebap”.

Cold: Soğuk. i.e. cold beer is “soğuk bira”

Beverage (alcoholic): İçki

Beverage (alcoholic and non-alcoholic): İçecek

I am hungry: Acıktım

I am thirsty: Susadım

Food: Yiyecek

Meal: Yemek. Yemek also means “to eat”.  

Breakfast: Kahvaltı

Lunch: Öğlen yemeği

Dinner: Akşam yemeği

Fish: Balık

Chicken: Tavuk

Veal: Dana

Lamb: Kuzu

Vegetable: Sebze

Vegetarian: Vejeteryan

Bread: Ekmek

Soup: Çorba

Dessert: Tatlı

Salad: Salata

Sandwich: Sandviç

Salt: Tuz

Pepper: Biber

Red pepper: Kırmızı biber

Spice: Baharat

Back to the Index...

Turkish Vocabulary in a Restaurant and Bar

A Cafe at MarinaA Cafe at Bodrum Marina

Let’s go to lunch/dinner: Yemeğe gidelim

Table for two please: “İki kişilk bir masa lütfen” or “iki kişiyiz – we are two people”

Table for four please: “Dört kişilk bir masa lütfen” or “dört kişiyiz – we are four people”

One more beer please: Bir bira daha lütfen

One more cup of tea please: Bir çay daha lütfen

Can I see the menu?: Menüyü alabilir miyim?

I want to order: Sipariş vermek istiyorum

I want to change my order: Siparişimi değiştirmek istiyorum

Is this dish spicy (hot): Bu yemek acılı mı?

Can you bring me some water?: Su alabilir miyim? Put anything instead of “some water”. i.e. “Can you bring me salt?” is “Tuz alabilir miyim?”

Bill please: Hesap lütfen

Where are the rest rooms?: Tuvalet nerede?

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Turkish Vocabulary for Shopping

A Gift Shop in BodrumA Gift Shop in Bodrum

Credit card: Kredi kartı

Do you accept credit card?: Kredi kartı geçerli mi?

Credit card pin: Kredi kartı şifresi

Cash: Nakit

Dollar: Dolar

Euro: Avro

Change: Para üstü

Do you accept dollar?: Dolar kabul ediyor musunuz?

What is the exchange rate for Euro?: Avro için döviz kuru ne?

Tip: Bahşiş (see tipping in Turkey for more information)

Expensive: Pahalı

Cheap: Ucuz

Price: Fiyat

How much does this cost?: Bu kaç lira?

How much does that cost?: Şu kaç lira?

How much?: Ne kadar?

Any discount?: İndirim var mı?

I want to buy two: İki tane almak istiyorum

I want to buy three: Üç tane almak istiyorum

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Turkish Vocabulary for Emergencies

Help: Yardım

Help! (S.O.S.): İmdat!

Police station: Karakol

Hospital: Hastane

Where is the nearest police station/hospital?: En yakın karakol/hastane nerede?

I need help: Yardıma ihtiyacım var

Can you help me?: Yardım eder misin?

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At the Hammam

Hammam experience in Bodrum is something you may want to go through. These words are specific for traditional Turkish baths and have no or little use in daily life. I just thought it would be cool to learn a few Turkish Vocabulary to show off when you are back!

Külhan: A large and closed furnace located below the hammam

Tellak: Male masseur of the bath for men

Natir: Female masseur of the bath for women

Peştemal: Silk or cotton cloth to cover the body

Takunya: Wooden clog to prevent slipping on the wet marble

Göbek Taşı: Large marble platform at the hot room where people can get massage or take a nap

Kurna: Marble bath basin for washing up with soap and water

Kese: Coarse mitt for massage used by tellak or natir

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